Paper prepared by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) on the impact of banning sporting events and other leisure activities during COVID-19.
The paper was considered at SAGE 15 on 13 March 2020.
This is an annex to the SPI-M-O: Consensus statement on public gatherings as published under SAGE 15 and should be read in that context.
These results should not be interpreted as a forecast, but rather illustrative outputs under a set of assumptions to inform wider discussion. These modelling outputs are subject to uncertainty given the evidence available at the time, and dependent on the assumptions made.
It should be viewed in context: the paper was the best assessment of the evidence at the time of writing. The picture is developing rapidly and, as new evidence or data emerges, SAGE updates its advice accordingly. Therefore, some of the information in this paper may have been superseded and the author’s opinion or conclusion may since have developed.
A more developed version of this analysis has also since been published by the authors.
These documents are released as pre-print publications that have provided the government with rapid evidence during an emergency. These documents have not been peer-reviewed and there is no restriction on authors submitting and publishing this evidence in peer-reviewed journals.