Appeals: how long they take

Latest average timescales for planning, enforcement and householder appeals.

Applies to England

Cases decided in FebruaryMarch 2024 – Summary

S78 & Householder appeals

Median (weeks) Mean (weeks) Decisions
s78 planning appeals Written Reps 3029 32 883710
s78 planning appeals Hearings 2923 3531 3550
s78 planning appeals Inquiries 3426* 3935* 2017*
Householder appeals Written Reps 18 20 392299

Enforcement appeals

Includes s174 enforcement appeals, s39 enforcement listed building appeals and lawful development certificate appeals

Median (weeks) Mean (weeks) Decisions
Written Reps 4959 5261 174135
Hearings 61*72* 69*75* 11*19*
Inquiries 4391 6482 2321

Mean Average - The total time taken divided by the number of cases. Also referred to as the ‘average’. A measure of how long each case would take, if the total time taken was spread evenly across all cases.

Median - The middle value, if the times are sorted. This means that half the cases take less then this time; and half the cases take more.

Decisions – number of decisions made.

Please note that the times given here are measured from the time an appeal which we are able to progress (‘valid’) to the time a decision is issued.

The smaller the number of decisions, the less helpful the mean and median are as measures for summarising performance. Particular care should be taken when there are fewer than twenty decisions. These are represented with an * in the table, but have been provided for completeness and transparency.

Each of the measures give a slightly different view of the average time taken to make a decision, both are provided because neither gives a perfect indication of the average. The mean is potentially affected by a small number of cases taking a long time – and this gives an over-estimate. The median is less affected by these few longer cases so may give a more helpful indication of the average.

The mean was published previously so we are publishing it to allow users to compare current with previous data.

In making use of the data provided, users are reminded that some decisions made in the latest month were on cases submitted a years or more before – as such, while they are the most recent snapshot available, they should not be relied on to give a reliable indication of what will happen to a case submitted recently or in the future.

We are reviewing our published information in order to make it more useful and accessible to users – please get in touch with us at if you have suggestions on how we could improve the information we provide to you.

Published 1 January 2014
Last updated 2825 MarchApril 2024 + show all updates
  1. Updated with March 2024 data

  2. February 2024 data added

  3. January 2024 data added

  4. stats updated for December.

  5. November data added to tables

  6. Cases decided in October 2023

  7. Cases decided in September 2023 – Summary updated

  8. Updated appeal handling time averages for August 2023

  9. July 2023 data added

  10. Tables updated with June 2023 data

  11. May 2023 data added

  12. March 2023 data added

  13. Tables updated with March data

  14. Data updated with cases decided in February 2023

  15. Cases decided in January 2023 updated

  16. The table has been updated today on the number and length of decisions made in December 2022

  17. November 2022 - Decisions summary updated

  18. October 2022 - Decisions summary updated

  19. September 2022 - Decisions summary data added

  20. Updated number and length of decisions made in August 2022

  21. Inquiry appeals submitted after 1 April 2019 removed as no longer correct

  22. Data updated with July 2022 - Decisions summary

  23. June 2022 information on number and length of decisions made

  24. May 2022 data added

  25. Decisions summary updated with April 2022 data

  26. Decisions summary updated with March 2022 data

  27. Updated with number and length of decisions made in February 2022

  28. January 2022 data on timeliness

  29. How long appeals take based on December 2021 data

  30. November 2021 figures added

  31. October decisions summary data added

  32. September 2021 data added

  33. August 2021 data added

  34. Tables updated with July data.

  35. Updated appeal timeliness data for June 2021

  36. May 2021 data on how long decisions are taking.

  37. April 2021 data added to show how long an appeal has taken.

  38. March data added to chart

  39. February 2021 - Decisions summary updated

  40. January 2021 - Decisions summary updated

  41. December 2020 - Decisions summary updated

  42. September 2020 data added.

  43. August average performance data added

  44. Corona virus information removed and July 2020 - Decisions summary added.

  45. Message regarding the impact of Covid-19 on our average timescales.

  46. The average timescales have been removed as we have postponed site visits, Hearings and Inquiries.

  47. To help delay the spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19) we are following Government advice on social distancing and avoiding non-essential travel. This has meant it necessary to postpone site visits, Hearings and Inquiries which has affected the time it is taking to deal with some appeals. We are looking ways to mitigate this by using technology and other ways to process appeals without risking the wellbeing of appellants, parties to an appeal and our staff. We apologise for the inconvenience this causes.

  48. Data updated with January 2020 figures

  49. Updated times added

  50. Average timescales updated

  51. Added a link to the Inspectorate's news item on Approach to casework during the pre-election period

  52. Average timescales updated

  53. Average timescales updated

  54. Average timescales updated

  55. Average timescales updated

  56. Average times updated

  57. Average times updated

  58. Updated the first section with a comment realating to the time taken to decide apeals

  59. Average timescales updated

  60. Latest appeal timescales

  61. Average timescales updated

  62. Data updated

  63. data on handling times updated

  64. average timescales updated

  65. times updated

  66. Average timescales updated

  67. Average timescales updated

  68. Average timescales updated

  69. Average timescales updated

  70. Average timescales updated

  71. Updated data on appeal handling times

  72. indicative times updated

  73. Indicative times updated

  74. Monthly figures updated

  75. pre election advice removed

  76. Monthly stats updated

  77. Monthly Figures updated

  78. Advice on impact of local elections added

  79. Monthly figures updated

  80. Timescales updated

  81. The monthly figures and the way they are set out have been updated

  82. Monthly figures updated

  83. Figures updated

  84. figures updated

  85. Monthly figures updated

  86. Updated figures

  87. First published.